Businesses and residents of the West Midlands spend over £10 billion annually on electricity and fuel. Not surprisingly, the energy industry is a major employer with over 56,000 people engaged in production, transmission, distribution and logistics. The hub for all this energy activity, and the center for energy research, is Birmingham. Home to some of the largest energy businesses in the U.K. like National Grid, E.ON UK, Worcester Bosch, and nPower, Birmingham also hosts over 500 academics associated with local universities, focused on energy and cleantech R&D. Energy is important to Birmingham and the city government is committed to meeting the national low carbon goals and backs it up with an annual capital investment in infrastructure and efficiencies of over £2.5 billion.